Witches and Witch trials in Luxemburg, Belgium and the Netherlands


Compiled by Marc Carlson, with input from Joan Pontius
It was last edited 9 June 2004

Much of this work was based on the "Calender of Witch Trials" in European witch trials, their foundations in popular and learned culture, 1300-1500.  Berkeley: University of California Press, by Richard Keickhefer.  Please note, this listing is not intended to be exhaustive, but is an ongoing compilation, as this evidence comes out.

Luxemburg

Date

Place

#

Name

Sex

Notes and sources:

1470

Luxemburg

1

?

f

Woman and 2 men tried by secular authorities for witchcraft. (Sources: Hansen, Quellen, 579.   Hansen, Zaubermahn, 428.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1470

Luxemburg

2

?

m

Woman and 2 men tried by secular authorities for witchcraft. (Sources: Hansen, Quellen, 579.   Hansen, Zauberwahn, 428.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)


Belgium

Date

Place

#

Name

Sex

Notes and sources:

1128

Belgium, Ghent

1

?

f

Woman is killed by a mob, eviscerated (Source: Kieckhefer, Magic in the Middle Ages, 188)

1389

Belgium, Brussels

1

?

f

Woman fined by secular court for sorcery. (Source:  Poullet, Histoire du droit, 278; Hansen, Zauberwahn, 394.)

1408

Belgium, Brussels

1

?

f

Woman given penance by secular court for sorcery (placement of magical substance on threshold).   (Source:  Poullet, Histoire du droit, 278; Hansen, Zauberwahn, 394; Hansen, Quellen,; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1417

Belgium, Tournai

1

?

m

Priest sentenced by bishop to pilgrimage for association with diviners.  (Sources: Fredericq, Corpus documentorum, II, 200-2; cited In Hansen, Quellen, 527; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1459-60

Belgium, Nivelles

1

?

f

Woman tried by secular court as valdoise.  (Sources: Fredericq, Corpus documentorum, 1I, 265.)

1468

Belgium, Bruges

1

?

m

Man tried by secular court for sortilege and superstition. (Sources: Fredericq, Corpus documentorwn, 11, 266f; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1472

Belgium, Tournai

2

?

m

2 men tried by ecclesiastical court for love magic and Invocation. (Sources: Fredericq, Corpus documentorum, 1, 428f)

1477

Belgium, Bar

1

?

w

Woman burned by secular court for witchcraft.  (Sources:  Dumont, Justice criminelle, II, 69; cited In Hansen, Quellen, 580.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1487

Belgium, Rouvroy

1

?

f

Woman banished by secular court, possibly for sorcery. (Sources:  La Fons, 'Les sorci'eres', 44I.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1509-1646

Belgium, Namur County

366

?

 

Tried. 92.1% Women (Source: McLachlan, et al. "Witchcraft and Rape"; Monter, E. William. "Patterns of Witchcraft in the Jura". in Levack.)

1572

Belgium, Malines

1

Van den Velde, Trenat

m

(Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1572

Belgium, Malines/Mechlin

1

Knop, Henricus

m

(Case number 1.)(Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Netherlands under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1572

Belgium, Leeuw St P.

1

Van den Velde, Catherina

f

(Case number 2)  Magic and Divination. Left the Village for  Wemmel (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Netherlands under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1591

Belgium, Ghent

1

???

?

Burned (Source unclear)

1592

Belgium, StAntlnks

1

Tshaseleren, Maria

f

(Case number 3) (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects]. d. Grammont, magie,D.B.,I. p.98)

1596

Belgium, Bruxelles

1

De May, Cornelia

f

(Case number 4) Sorcellerie. Uccle (Sources:  La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects])

1598

Belgium, Renaix

1

Borrons, Eliabeth

f

(Case number 5) Sorcery ("veut se purger"?) Nedername (Sources La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the
Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects] D.B., I. p. 98. )

1598

Belgium, Ghent

1

???

?

Burned (Source unclear)

1600

Belgium, Grammont

1

"cure guerisseur"

m?

(Case number 6)"Faith Healing"  (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1601-1602

Belgium, Diest

1

Bouwens, Judovicus

m

(Case number 7) Theilt N.D.,  Making a device to put down or raise  up the dead. (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1601

Belgium, Alost

1

"The daughter of Guillaume Goossens"

f

(Case number 8) Denderleeuw.  Sorcery. Conseil de Flandre, D.B., I, 98  (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1602

Belgium, Alost

1

Van Der Keere, Maria

f

(Case number 9) Herdersem, "Faith Healing"  D.B., I, p.98 (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the
Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1603

Belgium, Antwerp

1

Joossen, Clara

f

(from Strassbourg). She was strangled, and subsequently burned at the stake.  This is the only execution for Witchcraft in the city of Antwerp, although in the Mark of Antwerp there was one other. (Source: email from Dirk Van de putte <dirk_vandeputte@yahoo.co.uk> 27 March 2003 - citing:  Triest, Monika, Met de duivel naar bed (In Bed with the Devil), 2002), and Hemelryck, Fernand Van.  Heksenvervolgingen in de Nederlanden (Witch Persecutions in the Low Countries), 1982).

1603

Belgium, Malines

1

Pipenbosch, Johanna

f

(Case number 10) Banished.  One of three women accused of Sorcellerie.  D.B.,I, p. 98. (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1603

Belgium, Malines

1

???

f

(Case number 11) Banished.  One of three women accused of Sorcellerie.  D.B.,I, p. 98. (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1603

Belgium, Malines

1

???

f

(Case number 12) Banished.  One of three women accused of Sorcellerie.  D.B.,I, p. 98. (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1605-6

Belgium, Diest

1

Glabbeck (Widow)

f

(Case number 13) Accused of superstition, she left the village. (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1607

Belgium, Grammont

1

Aspelare, (fnu)

m

(Case number 14) Faith Healer. Using Herbal remedies. "interdiction d'exorciser" (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les  pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1607

Belgium, Diest

1

Wersbeek, (fnu)

f

(Case number 15) Faith Healer. (Des  esprits  lui  apparaissent et  lui  procurent  les remedes avec lesquels elle soigne les maladies d'enfants.) denoncee au vicaire general (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1608

Belgium, Alost

1

Hofstade, (fnu)

m

(Case number 16) Quackery, remedies against fevers. (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1608

Belgium, Oordegen

1

Coninck, Johannes de

m

(Case number 17) Merelbeke  Pacts with the devil (he claimed to have given his body and soul to the Devil) (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1608

Belgium, Louvain

1

Commenaers, Maria

f

(Case number 18)  St. Joris Weert  Divination. (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1609

Belgium, Diest

1

Cloops, Guillaume

m

(Case number 19) Thielt Ste Marie.  Superstitions, conjurations
(Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime,
Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in
the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional,
and social aspects].)

1609-10

Belgium, Diest

1

Prengaerts, Margareta

f

(Case number 20)  Wersbeek, "superstition denoncee au promoteur" (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1610

Belgium, Diest

1

"The Sexton of the Church"

m

(Case number 21) Linkhout, "superstition" (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1610

Belgium, Oordegem

1

Van Bombrugghe, Judocus

m

(Case number 22) Balegem, superstition (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux, 1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under
the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1623 (3/29)

Belgium, Arches

1

Marie Arnould

f

Executed (Source: Belgian Folklore, p 257).  [May be the woman in (Case number 45) "A woman" tried in Antwerp/Anvers for Magic.  Wiel. (Source: La Sorcellerie dans les pays-bas sous
l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux,
1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1657 (3)

Belgium, Sugney

?

???

?

Strangled and Burnt.  Includes Jennette Huart  (Source unclear)

1690

Belgium, Renaix

1

de Praeter, Jacob

m

(Case number 78)  Kwaremont, Heresy and Pacts with the Devil, and Cattle-quackery.  They had been charged repeatedly, often reprimanded and never mending their ways. (Source: La Sorcellerie
dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux,
1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1690

Belgium, Renaix

1

de Bonnerie, Pierre

m

(Case number 79)  Kwaremont, Heresy and Pacts with the Devil, and Cattle-quackery.  They had been charged repeatedly, often reprimanded and never mending their ways. (Source: La Sorcellerie
dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux,
1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)

1690

Belgium, Renaix

1

Van den Eyde, Daniel

m

(Case number 80)  Kwaremont, Heresy and Pacts with the Devil, and Cattle-quackery.  They had been charged repeatedly, often reprimanded and never mending their ways. (Source: La Sorcellerie
dans les pays-bas sous l'ancien regime, Aspects juridiques, institutionnels et sociaux,
1987. [Sorcery in the Belgium under the ancient government, judicial, institutional, and social aspects].)


The Netherlands

Date

Place

#

Name

Sex

Notes and sources:

1200

Netherlands, Soest

1

???

m

A Cleric burnt as a sorcerer for having bewitching a young girl (Source: Kieckhefer, Magic in the Middle Ages, 189)

1322 Netherlands, Utrecht 1 ??? f Woman banished by municipal court for sorcery and divination. (Sources: Samuel Muller, ed., De middekeuwsche rechtsbronnen der stad Utrecht, 1 (The Hague, 1885), 60.   Hansen, Zauberwahn, 393 (with erroneous reference to P. 170 of Muller).  Kieckhefer, European witch trials)
1373 Netherlands, Utrecht 1 ??? m Man banished by municipal court for sorcery. (Sources: Hansen, Zauberwahn, 393 (with erroneous reference to Muller, Middekeuwsche rechtsbronnen, 1, 170).; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)
1417 Netherlands, Utrecht 1 ??? f Woman banished by municipal court for sorcery (toverie) and other offenses.  (Sources: Dodt, 'Aanteekeningen', 187; cited In Hansen, Quellen, 528.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)
1423 Netherlands, Utrecht 1 ??? f Midwife banished by municipal court for sorcery and other offenses.  (Sources: Dodtl 'Aanteekeningen, 187.   Hansen, Zauberwahn, 394.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1423

Netherlands, Putten

1

???

f

Woman fined for sorcery against priest.  (Sources: Molhuijsen, 'Bijdrage', 195; reprinted In Hansen, Quellen, 529.   Hansen, Zauberwahn, 394.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1446

Netherlands, Gouda

1

???

f

Woman fined by municipal court for love magic.  (Sources: Molhuijsen, 'Bijdrage', 195; reprinted In Hansen, Quellen, 548. Hansen, Zauberwahn, 432.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1447

Netherlands, Buren

1

Vogtlin, Anna

f

burned by secular court for witchcraft; primary charge was diabolism; had allegedly worked sorcery (destruction of crops, harm to Individuals).  (Sources: Schneller, 'Hexenwesen', 367-70; also In Hansen, Quellen, 548-51.   Hansen, Zauberwahn, 429.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1461

Netherlands, Putten

1

???

f

Woman fined for love magic by secular court.  (Sources: Molhuijse 'Bijdrage', 195; reprinted In Hansen, Quellen, 576.  Hansen, Zauberwahn, 432.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1467

Netherlands

1

???

f

Woman tried by secular court for divination.  (Sources: Scheltema, Geschiedenis der heksenprocessen, 117; reprinted In Hansen, Quellen,  Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1468

Netherlands

1

???

m

Man condemned by secular court for crimes, Including transforming (apparently not in conjunction with diabolism).  (Sources: Scheltema, Geschiedenis der heksenprocessen, 117; reprinted In Hansen, Quellen,  Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials

1472

Netherlands

1

???

m

Man condemned by secular court for Invocation.   (Sources: Scheltema, Geschiedenis der heksenprocessen, 117; reprinted In Hansen, Quellen,  Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1472

Netherlands, Zutphen

1 ??? f Woman burned by secular court for sorcery. (Sources: Molhuijsen, 'Bijdrage', 196; reprinted In Hansen, Quellen, 579. Scheltema, Geschiedenis der heksenprocessen, 120.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1491

Netherlands, Zutphen

3

???

f

3 women tried by municipal court for sorcery (weather magic, 1llness to animals); precautions taken to counteract devil's power before torture.  (Sources: Hansen, Quellen, 589f  Lea, Materials, 1, 256.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1444

Netherlands, Utrecht 2 ???

f

2 women tried by municipal court for sorcery (toverien).  (Sources: Dodt, 'Aanteekeningen', 207; cited In Hansen, Quellen, 547. Hansen, Zauberwahn, 432.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1445

Netherlands, Utrecht

1

???

f

Woman banished by municipal court for divination (detection of stolen goods), referred to as toverien.  (Sources: Dodt, 'Aanteekeningen', 209; cited In Hansen, Quellen, 547.   Hansen, Zauberwahn, 432.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

1456 Netherlands, Dordrecht 1 ??? m Man given public penance by municipal court for divination. (Sources: Hansen, Quellen, 569.; Kieckhefer, European Witch Trials)

Historical Witches and Witchtrials in Luxemburg, Belgium and the Netherlands 

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