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The half-cast stitch, which forms a half-square knot in the leather.

I am told that if this is done properly, the half casting will take place on the uppers side of the seam, not the sole's, in order to increase the strength of the hold.

 
   
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At this point, getting the welt slipped in between the sole and upper is a little harder.

 

   
proj52.jpg (20959 bytes) The sole is finally attached to the upper.  The excess leather is carefully trimmed back  moistened, beaten on and burnished.
   
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The flatter this is, the easier it will be to wear later.

 

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Footwear of the Middle Ages - Making a more accurate 15th Century style shoe (page 13). Copyright 2003 I. Marc Carlson. This page is given for the free exchange of information, provided the author's name is included in all future revisions, and no money change hands, other than as expressed in the Copyright Page.