(aka Lughnsad, Lughsnaad and other spellings; Bron Trogain; Gwyl Awst; Thanksgiving;
Harvest Home. See also Lammas/Loafday/Loafmass. The evening of
the 31st, the day of the 1st)
This page was created by Marc Carlson
It was last edited 9 June 2004
The first day of the Trogan month. Beginning of Foghamhr, or
the 4th quarter of the year.
Lughnasadh, the Gaelic for "festival of Lugh" is pronounced "LOO-nah-sah."
(Some people maintain
that the Scots dialect says it "LOO-nah-soo.")
The first day of the harvest season, the first time that you recognize
a change in the length of day. The ripening grain heralds the
coming of Autumn. It is a festival of plenty and prosperity.
An ancient festival associated with Trograinn, the son of Griann, in the
areas where They were venerated called Bron Trograinn (the Rage of Trograinn).
Celebration of the Sun God.
Celebration of the Sun God Lugh's victory over Chrom Dubh and granting
Corn to his people.
It is the feast of the Marriage of the god Lugh, and the time of the Harvest
This is the time of the marriage of the Human Consort or the Sacred
King to the Goddess of the Land and Sovereignity.
A time of sacrifices for Increase and Plenty
The time of recognizing the Earth's sorrowing in autumn.
To some people, this is a festival honoring Lugh, and the Goddess Aine.
According to some sources, this is the time of the maiming of the King,
as the force of growth is taken from Him. One way this purportedly
took place was for the king to be tied by his hair to an Oak tree
with one foot on the cauldron, and his other on the back of a Horse or
a Sow (Both are representative of Goddess of Sovereignty). The support
of Sovereignity was then driven from him, causing him to be maimed in such
a way to destroy His fertility but not His life. In some cases, his
life was not taken until the three days before Samhain when his Tanaise,
or heir began his reign. The King embodied the fertility of the land, which
he had come to be through his marriage to the Goddess of Sovereignty. This
fertility, at times had to be stopped to allow ripening to take place.
A festival representing the great fair of Tailltenn (now called Teltown)
dedicated to honor Lugh's foster mother Tailltiu (pronounced Telsha), and
established by Lugh Himself, after she died clearing the plain that is
named for her (according to some, she is a Goddess of the land and Sovereignity).
The warriors returned from the fields of battle to begin harvesting the
crops. At this time fairs were held (although some fairs were only
held once every three years).
Tailltean marriages; The date of many handfastings, or trial marriages
lasting a year and a day. After that time the couple had to return to the
same place at the fair the following year to make their contract a permanent
one. They also had the right to declare themselves divorced by walking
in opposite directions away from each other.
Tailltean Games: there were many games and races (foot and horse).
Recitations of poems, genealogies and romantic tales. Music was provided
by cruits (harps), timpans, trumpets, horns and cuisig or piob (pipes).
Feats of horsemanship were performed. There were also jugglers and clowns.
It seems that there were usually three distinct market places; one for
food and clothes, one for livestock and another for luxury goods. If it
rained during this festival, it was believed that Lugh himself was present.
Gathering on sacred hills, and visiting the sacred wells. Tie red or blue
threads onto the tails of cattle, while repeating incantations. This they
did for the milk to retain its goodness, a ball of cow's hair or ronag
was put into the milk pail on this day. Curds and cheese were specially
prepared from that day's milk.
Driving of horses (the embodiment of the Goddess of Sovereignty) down to
the beach and into the sea.
Closely associated with the common folk and agriculture; "the festival
of first fruits"; As the People were still by and large living on
the stores of the previous years harvest, this was the time when the stores
were at the least. It was a time of looking forward to the harvest time
This holiday was completely unknown to the pagan Anglo-Saxons, and has no
relationship to Lammas.