THERE are some other articled in the trade, that are now hardly worth mentioning, as they are nearly, or quite out of wear; that is, the different kinds of clogs. The cork bottom shoes and chumps have done away the use of them; and: certainly they answer the purpose much better, to keep the feet dry, than clogs.
And as for chumps, whether cork, wood, or leather, they are so nearly related to the foregoing articies, that there is no variation between the work, except the form; and, a bare inspection is sufficient to inform any one the least acquainted with the trade.
BEFORE I close this part of the work, I shall point out a few observations to the notice of the young beginner, which may be of service to him in his future experience.
And to render the work as concise as possible, I. have avoided a repetition of the same kind of work where it occurs; but I have given references to the foregoing articles where the like has been treated of. A repetition of the same subject in every succeeding article would only swell the volume, without having that desired effect of fixing. the attention more earnestly.
Be always very attentive to the orders you have received from the shop you work for, relative to the work; for it is of the greatest import in the trade to be punctual, both with respect to time and the directions.
It is very well known, that a regular sober hand, that pays attention to the orders given, is of much greater value to the employer, than the very first-rate workman who is otherwise.
The former, if a smooth decent workman,. will be sure of a constant and regular employ, because he is infinitely of more service to the master and customer, than the latter, who is thought nothing of, as be disappoints the customer, and injures the employer.
To the above I would have the young beginner pay much attention.
The next thing I would advise the young learner is to be careful to see that the whole of the stuff is put into the work that he receives from the shop, and that to the best advantage. A wanton or a wilful neglect in this case is a shameful violation of the principles of honesty; for it is an irreparable injury to the wearer and employer.óTo be so disappointed, think how you would like it.
Let whatever misunderstanding take place between you and your employer, do not slight the work on any consideration; for, while you are a journeyman, you should always keep it in mind as your dearest interest, that the work is your best credit under all circumstances. Not only should you adhere to it as the best of policy, but it should be engraven on your mind as a fixed principle.
One great evil I would wish the young beginner to avoid; and that is drinking, which he is liable to from the tendency, in these days, of journeymen collecting together into large meetings or clubs. Many a youth is led thoughtlessly at first into a state of ebriety, and by frequent habits confirmed into a real disorder.
It is well known that those journeymen of various trades, who have been most in the habit of forming themselves into societies, are more besotted than others.
But some of the trade will say, that if they did not do so they would not be able to raise their wages, nor preserve the present. These are plausible arguments in favour of such meetings; but I think that more legal ones can be found, that will answer the end without these evils or expense.
In the first place, I will grant, that according as the times do advance the necessary articles of life, your wages should keep pace with them, and to be on an equality with journeymen of other mechanica1 and handicraft trades. And not only being a very useful body of men in society, there are none that earn their wages with more attention and labour, than those of the shoe trade. Their work is piece-work, and must be done as near to orders; as possible, or else they know the consequence. Therefore, there is no skulking for two or three hours in the day, and to expect the same wages at night.óNo: no work no pay.
But in the next place, instead of pursuing the mode of some journeymen of other trades, I would have you to adopt a more legal, simple, and less expensive one; and that is, when you find yourselves aggrieved, to appeal to the justices at the quarter sessions, and there lay the case before them and the court.
The decision of the court will, not only be a rule for the trade, but it will convince the public of the necessity of such an advance.
And if you will look into Burnís Justice, under the article Wages you will find the legal process.
The last thing in this place, for some of the above reasons, I would advise the young tyro never to be fond of going to work into crowded rooms, where there are more than two or three at work, including yourself: besides the liability of one out of many enticing others to immoral practices, the breathing all day the confined breath of so many is exceedingly injurious to your health. Therefore, if you possibly can, avoid being more than two.
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