Isidore of Seville

Extracted from Etymologiarum sive Originum libri XX / recognovit brevique adnotatione critica instruxit W. M. Lindsay. Oxonii: E typ. Clarendoniano [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971]

(Modern English translation is mine)

  Etymologies (also called Origins)
  LIB. X iv
  Book 10, section 4
(263) Saio ab exigendo dictus. Sutor a suendis pellibus nominatus. Subulcus, porcorum pastor; sicut bubulcus, a cura bourn.
  [?] coming from words.  Sew-er/Shoemaker are named for from sewing skins into things.  Swineherd, a herder of pigs; the same way cow man is from someone who takes care of cattle.
  Book 12, section 1
  Eu amica luto sus.
  Our fine female friend, the mud covered pig.
(26) Hinc etiam spurcitiam vel spurios nuncupatos. Porcorum pilos setas vocamus, et setas a sue dictas: a quibus et sutores vocantur, quod ex setis suant, id est consuant, pelles.
  Pigs have always been considered dirty or bad.  Sows grow hairs that we call bristles, and pigs bristles are recommended;  and from them are shoemakers called, who from these sewing hairs are leathers sewn together
  LIB. XIX xxxiv
  Book 19, section 34
  About Footwear
(2) Sutores nuncupatos quod insertis filo porcorum setis suant, id est consuant, quasi setores. Caligarios vero non a callo pedum, sed a calo, id est ligno, vocatos, sine quo consul calciamenta non possunt, quas Graeci [καλοποδας] dicunt: fiebant autem prius ex salice tantum. Hinc et calciamenta dicta quod in calo, id est ligno, fiant; vel quod calcentur.  
  Sew-ers are so called for they insert strands of sewing hair to sew things together, as though they were bristles?   Soldiers boots (are) truly not [hard footed?], but the calo is, in fact, wooden, summoned, without which Consul shoes are not possible. [?] Greek [kalopodas] have been said. [?] however robbed of [?] size. Hence and footwear says that the calo is wood, choose with [?]
(3) Crepidas Graeci ante repertas usi sunt. Est autem genus singulari forma, et idem utrique aptum pedi, vel dextro vel sinistra. Crepidas autem dictas quod cum sono stringantur, sive a pedum crepitu in ambulanda.
  Greek crepidas before discovery use are.  Is but formed on a singular last, and the same on both sides fitted to the foot. either right or left. But crepidas are said to make a noise strung together  as of a shod foot walking.
(4) Calceos reges utebantur ao et Caesares. Farina corum **** Patricios calceos Romulus repperit quattuor corrigiarum, adsutaque luna: hos solil patricii utebantur. Luna autem in eis non sideris forinam, sed notam centenarii numeri significabat, quad initio patricii senatores centum fuerint.
  Shoes of Rulers were used ao and Caesares. dusted with glitter (?) **** Patricians's shoes Romulus repperit four laces, adsutaque moon: these whole were used by patricans.  Moon  but/HOWEVER  upon these  not heavenly out of doors, but mark centenarii total significabat, [*because] begun by patrician senators  a hundred  fuerint


(5) Ocreae tibialia calciamenta sunt, dicta quad crura tegant. Coturni sunt quibus calciabantur tragoedi, qui in theatro dicturi erant et alta intonantique vace carmina cantaturi. Est enim calciamentum in modum crepidarum, quad heroes utebantur; sed tale est ut et in dextro et in laevo conveniat pede.
  Ocreae are shoes that go up the legs, it is said, because the legs are covered.  Coturni are the shoes worn by tragedians, speaking on the stage and singing very loudly.   Certainly [shoes] were made with standard measured [shoes], because [heroes] were used; but however a stick is as and on right and on left corresponding feet.
(6) Baxeae calciamentum comoedorum erat, sicut tragoediorum coturni. Quos quidam etiam calones appellant, eo quad ex salice fierent; nam Graeci, ut diximus, lignum [κϋλα] vocabant.
  Baxeae are the comedian's shoes, as the coturni is the tragedians Whom a certain person as yet calones are called as they are made from willow; for in Greek when diximus, wood [κϋλα] is called for.  


(7) Talares calcei socci sunt, qui inde nominati videntur quad ea figura sint ut contingant talum; sicut sub-tolares, quad sub tab sint, quasi subtalares.
  Socci are ankle shoes{sunt}, quaethat, which, what, quod, que, who, {qui} thencethen, thereafter, for that reason, from there, {inde} by nameexpressly, {nominati} videntur [*because]{quad} thisit, she, he, that, {ea} figura sint when{ut} to touch closelyattain, befall, meet with, occur, happen to, to concern, to happen, to touch, {contingant} the ankleankle bone, {talum}; asjust as if, as it were, just as, {sicut} up to, underunder, beneath, {sub}-tolares, [*because]{quad} up to, underunder, beneath, {sub} tab sint, as if below the ankles.
(8) Obstrigilli sunt qui per plantas consuti sunt, et ex superiori parte corrigium trahitur ut constringantur; unde et nominantur.

Obstrigilli have soles that are sewn together, and in the upper part laces draw the shoe closed when tied; whence its name.


Osas puto ab os primum factas, et quamvis nunc ex alio genere, nomen tamen pristinum retinent.

  Osas to clearjudge, suppose, believe, think, consider, settle up, {puto} counting fromafter, since, away from, from, because, by, with regard to, in connection with, out of, {ab} orisa mask, countenance, source, expression, face, sight, opening, mouth, a bone, {os} at firstin the first place, as soon as possible, for the first time, quam primum, {primum} factas, and{et} ever so much{quamvis} nowat this time, soon, at the present time, {nunc} out ofon account of, from, from within, {ex} to another placefor another purpose, end, person, {alio} to be producedto be born, {genere}, nameRoman power, power, nomen Romanorum, {nomen }nothwithstandingbut, however, for all that, still, yet, nevertheless, notwithstanding, not withstanding, {tamen} formerancient, venerable, {pristinum} to remember

Mullei similes sunt coturnorum solo alto, superiori autem parte cum osseis vel aeneis malleolis, ad quos lora deligabantur. Dicti sunt autem a cobore rubro, qualis est mulli piscis.

  Mullei are like the high soled coturnorum,  superior to but a part with bone or bronze shoe buckle to which thongs were fastened. They are so called because of their red color, a quality of the mullet fish.

Soleae sunt quibus tantum pedum plantae teguntur, dictae a solo pedum. Item soleae materiales ex materia coreo intecta.

  Sandals are by which of a size to cover the sole of the foot, it is said a single foot. Likewise, sandals can be made of uncovered coreo [Wood?]

Socci, cuius diminutivum socelli, appellati inde quad saccum habeant, in quo pars plantae inicitur. Calliculae. Caligae vel a callo pedum dictae, vel quia ligantur. Nam socci non ligantur, sed tantum intromittuntur.


Socci, of whomthe vices OF WHOM were many, {cuius} diminutivum father in lawfather-in-law, {socelli}, addressmove towards, to drive, to land, summon, name, to call, {appellati} thencethen, thereafter, for that reason, from there, {inde} [*because]{quad} pursesmall sack, little sack, small bag, little bag, {saccum} governmentreins, {habeant}, uponon, in, into, onto, {in }fromwhere, whither, to what place, to which place, that, this, {quo} partdirection, region, share, side, partis, {pars} plantsprig, twig, sprout, shoot, {plantae} to throw oninspire, don, put on, {inicitur}. Calliculae. DarknessMist, Gloom, {Caligae} orfor example, actually, even, {vel} a skillfullysubtly, slyly, cunningly, cleverly, skilfully, {callo} pedum things dictatedpresents, lessons, {dictae}, orfor example, actually, even, {vel }because{quia} ligantur. For socci may not be tongued, but only be entered.

(13) Cernui socci sunt sine solo. Lingulati, quos nos foliatos vocamus. Clavati [quasi claviati, eo quod minutis clavis, id est acutis, sola caligis vinciantur]. Perones et [s]culponeae rustica calciamenta sunt. Baxea calciamenta mulierum sunt. Corrigiae a coriis vocantur, vel a conligatione, quasi colligiae.

Falling headlong socci are{sunt} without{sine} solacesupport, {solo}. Lingulati, whomthose WHOM he accused of treachery, {quos} weWE live and die by that creed, they tried to tell US we're too young, us, {nos} leafy{foliatos} what we call. (Hob)nails [seemingly nails, and are in fact small nails, that are sharp and go around the Caliga's sole]. Perones and [s]culponeae are shoes made in a rustic manner. Baxea are women's shoes.  Leather latchet shoes are also called "with lacings" (Conligatione) and are like things that are tied together (Colligiae)