Some ships of the 13th-14th centuries

This Page was written by I. Marc Carlson based on material found in a number of sources listed below.
The following drawings are based on material in those sources.  
Click on thumbnails to see full picture.

A rendition of the Scandinavian "Drakkar", or "Dragon" ship. The general lines of this vessel date back into antiquity, and remain in use until the 19th century. A merchant version of this vessel is the "Knorr" (or "Knarr").

A rendition of a ship from the Cinque ports. Its relationship to the Drakkar and the Knorr is easy to see.

A rendition of a stern rudder ship that appears to be a modification of the Scandinavian lines.

An interpretation of the "Cog", a much larger ship that began to appear in the 14th Century.

A fight between two cogs from an English psalter (c.1330) (British Library, MS Roy. 10 E IV, f 19).



Haywood, John. Dark Ages naval power, a reassessment of Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Activity. London and New York: Routledge, 1991.
Landström, Björn. The Ship, an illustrated history. Garden City: Doubleday & Co., 1961.
Lane, Frederic Chapin. Venetian Ships and Shipbuilders of the Renaissance. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins Univerisity Press, 1992.
Lewis, Archibald R. and Timothy J. Runyan. European naval and maritime history, 300-1500. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985.
Unger, Richard W.  The ship in the medieval economy, 600-1600. London: Croom Helm, c1980.

This page was created by Marc Carlson
It was last edited 27 August 2004

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